Colquitt County High School

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Source Citation in Google Scholar Search

To use ‘built-in’ research tools in Google Docs:
  • Tools>Research (or CTRL ALT R)
  • Right click any text and say research that text.
  • Results depend on choices. Sometimes there are quotes, images or other resources. If you click on the dropdown next to the “G” in the search box, it is possible to choose from a variety of information or sources. If you choose “Cite” from this location, the information will be added as a footnote. This may not be the proper usage for your assignment, but it does give you the information you need to create citations.

To use ‘built-in’ citation tools in Google Docs and create a bibliography:
Open Google docs--
  • Search for EasyBibliography Creator (it’s free) and choose it
  • When you add a source, to your document click on add-ons and open Easy Bibliography Creator, Choose Manage BibliographyA sidebar will appear. Choose the citation style you need.
  • Search for your source and input the information you need (if it is a book you will need the author, title, and/or ISBN (International Standard Book Number). The ISBN is found on the back cover of book. If it is a journal article, you will need to input the DOI, the title, or keywords to locate the correct article. For a website, just add the URL
  • When you have all your sources in the list on the sidebar, choose “Add bibliography to doc” at the top of the list and it will appear at the bottom of your document.
DOI=Direct Object Indicator which is a static link for a specific journal article, regardless of the database from which it was accessed. It will be a string of numbers and characters  Ex.doi:10.1598/JAAL.55.1.9

Source Citation in Word

Use Microsoft Word to insert citations and easily create a Works Cited or Bibliography page for the end of your paper.  Using Word's reference tool, you can add sources as you come to them, then Word keeps them in a list until you are ready.

To being, open your Word document and begin typing your paper.  When you need to insert a quote or reference, click on the References tab at the top of Word. (Hoose, 2015) Make sure the format beside Insert Citation is changed to MLA 7th Edition (or whichever citation style your teacher would like you to use).  Then, click on Insert Citation, then Add New Source.  You can now type in the information in the boxes.  Once you hit OK, the in-text citation will appear where your cursor is. 

Continue doing this for each new source.  You can use Word's tool for websites, journal articles, newspaper articles, magazines, and books. 

Once you are finished with your paper and are ready to insert your Works Cited, click on the Reference tab again.  Click on Bibliography, then choose either a Bibliography or Works Cited.  Voila!  Your Works Cited page appears in alphabetical order and properly formatted.


Citing Sources

Click HERE for a printable version of this page.

 

When we write papers and reports, we are asked to read and incorporate the writing of others into our own. Whenever you take ideas, paraphrase, or quote from a source, you need to indicate in your paper the sources from which the information came.

Examples are presented on this page for citing various kinds of sources in MLA format.

WHAT KIND OF INFORMATION MUST BE DOCUMENTED?

When we use information from a source that is not common knowledge, and incorporate it into our own writing, we have to document where it came from, as in the following example:

" As of this year, Sheumaker will supervise night school at the high school as part of alternate education, rather than the night school functioning as an arm of Colquitt County High School. Lynn Pritchett will assume duties as principal of REACH. ".

At the end of your paper, you need to give your reader the rest of the information necessary for looking up the reference. This is usually a separate "Works Cited" page, and it is typically arranged by authors' last names, so that your reader can find the author referred to in your paper.

EXAMPLES

The following are sample entries for the most commonly used types of sources. These entries should be double-spaced; we have used single spaces here simply to save room.

WORKS FROM LIBRARY SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE

(The first part of the citation will vary, depending on whether the work comes originally from an online book, periodical article, etc. For works from print sources, give all standard information for such a source that is provided.)

Specific source information (see above). Database Name (if known). Name of Service (ex. Galileo, Culturegrams, etc.). Library Name. Date of Access <URL/network address if known>.

EX.
"African Literature." Compton's By Britannica. 2007.  Encyclopedia Britannica Online. School Edition. GALILEO. CCHS Media Center. 

      6 Sept. 2007. <http://www.galileo.usg.edu> .

BOOKS

Citation entries for books generally list three main sections for information about your source:

  1. author name: last name first;
  2. full title of the work: book and journal titles are underlined or italicized; article titles are put in quotation marks; and
  3. publication information: city of publication, name of publisher, and date.

Each of these sections is followed by a period and two spaces.

I. A Book by a Single Author:

Knight, Mary Burns. Africa is Not a Country. Brookfield, Conn,: Millbrook Press, 2000. 

II. A Book by Two or More Persons:

Greene, Laura, and Eva Barash Dicker. Sign Language New York: Franklin Watts, 1981.

Note here that only the FIRST author's name is inverted (last name first); the rest in the list are in regular order.

III. An Anonymous Book: (encyclopedias fall into this category)

World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, 2000.
The New Book of Knowledge. Vol. 3:12-32. Danbury, Conn.: Grolier, Inc., 1993.

ARTICLES IN NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS

Citation entries for newspapers and periodicals generally list three main sections of information about your source:

  1. author name: last name first;
  2. full title of the work: newspaper and periodical titles are underlined or italicized; article titles are put in quotation marks; and
  3. publication information: this will vary according to the amount of information available--follow the examples.

Each of these sections is followed by a period and two spaces.

I. A Newspaper Article:

Glenn, Lori. "Schools change focus of alternative education." The Moultrie Observer 20 July 2007: A1.

II. An Article from a Magazine:

Achenbach, Joel. "The Power of Light" National Geographic Oct. 2001: 4-31.

Abbreviate the names of months so that they take up three spaces plus a period, e.g., Aug. The following months may be spelled out: May, June, and July.

III. An Anonymous Article:

If no author is given for an article, begin with the title and alphabetize the title.

"Fantastic Journeys." Odyssey 3 Dec. 1987: 46.

ELECTRONIC SOURCES A Periodical CD-ROM Database
To cite a periodical CD-ROM database, include the author's name (if given), the publication information for the printed source, the title of the database (underlined), publication medium (CD-ROM), name of the vendor and the electronic publication date.

"Bill Gates." Current Biography Yearbook. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1991.

      Current Biography on CD-ROM: 1940-Present and 1983-Present. CD-ROM H.W. Wilson,

      1998.

CITING ON-LINE SOURCES

Standards for citing on-line sources are at this point not well established. Here are a few guides available on-line, however, which are based on currently-accepted styles for citing print documents.

World Wide Web Full-Text Sources

Follow standard MLA citation style to present the author, article title, name of periodical and date. Most periodicals on the Web use issue dates, volume numbers and issue numbers. It is sometimes difficult to determine these, but it is always wise to look for them. If pages or paragraphs are numbered, include this information. Add the date you accessed the information, and the URL, encased in angle brackets.
Van der Dusen, Kurt. "Nail Offers Apology to Community."

      Indiana Daily Student 20 Mar. 2000. 13 Nov. 2001

      <http://www.hoosiertimes.com/>

Online Encyclopedia Article
Many online encyclopedias provide guidance on how to cite their sources. Adapt this information to MLA citation style, which should include the electronic publication information, as well as the version number and publication date, if relevant. Encyclopedia Britannica Online provides citation information at the end of their articles which can be adapted to MLA form:

"Olympic Games."
Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
<http://search.eb.com/bol/topic?eu=11502>
[Accessed 13 April 2000].

MLA adaptation:

"Olympic Games." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Vers.99.1. April 1999.

      Encyclopedia Britannica. 13 Apr 2000 <http://search.eb.com/bol/topic?>
     
World Wide Web Sites
There are many different kinds of web sites, so it is impossible to give just one set of precise instructions for citation format. Remember the purpose of citation is to credit the author and publisher of the original work and to enable your readers to consult the same sources you did.

At minimum, your citation should begin with the site title (for a professional or personal site with no title, use a description such as "Home Page"), and end with the date you accessed the information and the URL in angle brackets. Other information to include in the citation if available: the name of the author or editor; date of electronic publication or latest update; the name of the institution or organization associated with the site.
Examples:
Home page. Monroe County Humane Association. 19 Apr. 2000

      <http://www.bluemarble.net/~mcha/>

Welcome to the White House White House. April 13, 2000

      <http://www.whitehouse.gov/>

Harlem 1900-1940: An African-American Community. Cultural Heritage Initiative for

      Community Outreach, University of Michigan School of Information. 19 Apr. 2000

           <http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/Harlem/>.